Cardone, S. Chown, C. Collis, R.
Davis, K. Dodds, A. Elzinga, F. Francioni, M. Haward, A. Hemmings, F. Hertel, A. Howkins, J. Jabour, S. Kaye, R. Launius, E. Leane, D.
Liggett, H. Nielsen, E. Nyman, O. Olsson, H. Peter, P.
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- The Battle for Antarctica.
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Sampaio, S. Scott, T. Stephens, E. Stewart, L. Vanstappen, P. Vigni, R. Wolfrum, J. Mining experts state that the Antarctic Peninsula has some copper-bearing plutons that have precise similarities to the Andean porphyry copper bodies. According to geologic structure and geophysical evidence, observations have been made to indicate the possible presence of petroleum reserves off the coast of Antarctica especially in the thick sedimentary basins of the Filchner Ice Shelf, Ronne Ice Shelf, Amery Ice Shelf, Ross Sea and Ice Shelf, and the Weddell Sea. Similarly, there is widespread belief among the mining community that hydrocarbons are also present in Antarctica based on the fact that hydrocarbons have been found along the Atlantic coasts of South America and Africa, the south coast of Australia, and the east coast of India, indicating the possibility of similar such deposits along the coasts of Antarctica.
However, the quality of coal discovered in the Transantarctic Mountains was low. The Madrid Antarctica Treaty Conference, which laid down a 50 year moratorium on mineral exploration and mining, was agreed upon in This decision will be reviewed again in Not all countries are happy with the outcome. With mineral and fuel resources depleting in other parts of the world, China and Russia have expressed their interest in exploring the region for minerals and fuel. Without this ban on mining, most mining experts agree that Antarctica is a very inhospitable and expensive place to conduct any mining related activities.
Companies such as ArcelorMittal plan to construct a mine in the Artic Circle in The success of this company in that region would pave way for more deliberations about the Antarctic Circle. With Russia already exploring the Artic, mineral exploration in the Antarctic does not seem impossible.
Whether Antarctica becomes a 'World Park' or a hub of mineral exploitation remains to be seen. Disclaimer: The Author of this article does not imply any investment recommendation and some content is speculative in nature. The Author is not affiliated in any way with any companies mentioned and all statistical information is publically available.
Handbook on the Politics of Antarctica
Gary graduated from the University of Manchester with a first-class honours degree in Geochemistry and a Masters in Earth Sciences. After working in the Australian mining industry, Gary decided to hang up his geology boots and turn his hand to writing. When he isn't developing topical and informative content, Gary can usually be found playing his beloved guitar, or watching Aston Villa FC snatch defeat from the jaws of victory. Thomas, G. Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks.
Covering nearly 14 million km 2 an area approximately 1. While it is challenging to live and work in this extreme environment, this region offers many opportunities for scientific research. The icy landscape of Antarctica and the Southern Ocean may seem distant, but the natural processes that occur there are intimately linked to those on the rest of the planet. For example, the Southern Ocean is an extremely important region of the globe for air-sea exchange of carbon dioxide, second only to the northern North Atlantic. To understand the effects of increasing emissions of carbon dioxide on the climate, it is vitally important to understand the processes that occur in the Antarctic region.
Ever since the first humans set foot on Antarctica a little more than a century ago, the discoveries made there have advanced our scientific knowledge of the region, the world, and the universe—but there is still much more to learn.
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Recent findings in the region have included enormous lakes and mountain ranges buried beneath ice and entire ecosystems of never-seen-before life forms. The remarkable clarity and stability of the atmosphere above Antarctica allows scientists to look out to the upper reaches of the atmosphere and into the universe beyond—observations that could contribute to understanding of the origins of the universe and the nature of the solar system. However, conducting scientific research in the harsh environmental conditions of Antarctica is profoundly challenging.
Substantial resources are needed to establish and maintain the infrastructure needed to provide heat, light, transportation, and drinking water, while at the same time minimizing pollution of the environment and ensuring the safety of researchers.
The U. What can records preserved in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean reveal about past and future climates? What can the Antarctic platform reveal about the interactions between Earth and the space environment? The second activity is an NSF-organized Blue Ribbon Panel intended to assist in making strategic decisions to improve the logistical support of the U.
How do we see the future of Antarctica?- La Croix International
In response to its charge, the committee has highlighted important areas of research by encapsulating each into a single, overarching question see Table S. The questions fall into two broad themes: 1 those related to global change and 2 those related to fundamental discoveries. In addition, the committee also identified several opportunities to be leveraged to sustain and improve the science program in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in the coming two decades.
Over the past century, temperatures on land and in the ocean have been increasing. Sea level is rising, global weather patterns are shifting, and the chemical and biological processes of the planet are changing. The poles are particularly susceptible to climate change, with the Arctic already displaying large temperature changes. The situation in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean is complicated by the influence of the Antarctic ozone hole, another human-induced change that has uniquely affected this region.
Thus, the Antarctic region provides an unparalleled natural laboratory in which to study these changing conditions. When the ice comes into contact with the relatively warm ocean, it melts, or chunks of it break off and are lost to the sea in a process called calving. Rising global temperatures now threaten to push the equilibrium out of balance.
Therefore, it is critical that scientists understand how rapidly the world will warm, if ice loss will accelerate, and how quickly sea level will rise.
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